ERC POPSTAR

Low power consumption silicon optoelectronics based on strain and refractive index engineering
ERC Consolidator Grant (2015-2020)
Partners

CNRS, Université Paris Sud, Université Paris Saclay: Centre de Nanosciences et Nanotechnologies (C2N)

 

Team
Guillaume AGNUS, Daniel BENEDIKOVIC, Mathias BERCIANO, Eric CASSAN, Pedro DAMAS, Ludovic LARGEAU, Philippe LECOEUR, Xavier LE ROUX, Guillaume MARCAUD, Thomas MAROUTIAN, Sylvia MATZEN, Laurent VIVIEN

 

Resume

The POPSTAR project aims at building a new class of silicon optoelectronic devices for high speed multiple wavelength optical links for data communication applications including optical interconnects and high performance computing systems. The goal is to develop a new approach based on both strain and refractive index engineering concepts using subwavelength silicon nanostructures. The main general breakthrough that we will be focusing on in the framework of this project is the drastic reduction of the power consumption of all optoelectronic building blocks. 3D strain will be exploited inside and along silicon waveguide which leads to a significant improvement of second-order nonlinearities efficiency and will modify the band-gap energy in order to modify two photon absorption process in silicon.
We will address the implementation of strain in silicon from two approaches: (i) using sub-λ structuration of silicon along and transversal to the waveguide to bring up both x- and z-axis strain components, usually considered negligible, as strong as the vertical component (y-axis) and (ii) developing strain engineering based on the use of functional oxides including YSZ which exhibit more appropriate strain-induced characteristics in silicon than the use of Si3N4. From both approaches, electrical and optical properties will be modified and adapted for three major cornerstones: (i) a 40Gbit/s optical modulators based on Pockels effect, (ii) a high responsivity, low dark-current, low bias voltage and high bandwidth Si photodetector and (iii) a low threshold tunable optical parametric oscillator source. The final objective will also be to implement these concepts on the development of high-speed multiple wavelength photonic circuits integrating strain sub-λ silicon optoelectronic devices.

 

News

      PhD position avaiblable !! : Contact:

Laurent VIVIEN

 

Publications

Articles in Journals

  1. D. Benedikovic, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Cheben, J. H. Schmid, S. Wang, R. Halir, A. Ortega-Moñux, D.-X. Xu, L. Vivien, J. Lapointe, S. Janz, M. Dado
    Single-etch subwavelength engineered fiber-chip grating couplers for 1.3 µm datacom wavelength band,
    Opt. Express 24(12), 12893-12904 (2016).PDF
  2.  

  3. Pedro Damas, Delphine Marris-Morini, Eric Cassan, and Laurent Vivien https://journals.aps.org/prb/abstract/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.165208
    Bond orbital description of the strain-induced second-order optical susceptibility in silicon
    Physical Review B, 93, 16 (2016)
    https://arxiv.org/abs/1511.03041
  4.  

  5. D. Pérez-Galacho, C. Alonso-Ramos, F. Mazeas, X. Le Roux, D. Oser, W. Zhang, D. Marris-Morini, L. Labonté, S. Tanzilli, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
    Optical pump-rejection filter based on silicon sub-wavelength engineered photonic structures
    Opt. Lett. 42(8), 1468-1471 (2017)
  6.  

    Invited communications in international conferences

    1. PLENARY – Vivien L., Marris−Morini D., E. Cassan, ChaisakulL P., Virot L., Damas P., Marcaud G., Berciano M., Crozat P., Hartmann J.−M., Fedeli J-M., Baudot C., Boeuf F.
      Recent advances in silicon photonics
      Nanophotonics and Micro/Nano Optics International Conference – NANOP 2016, Paris, December 2016
    2.  

    3. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Recent Advances in strained Silicon photonics
      SPIE Photonics West, San Francisco, USA, Fevrier 2016
    4.  

    5. L. Vivien, D. Marris-Morini, L. Virot, D. Benedikovic, D. Perez-Galacho,P. Damas, C. Alonso-Ramos, P. Crozat, X. Le Roux, J-M. Hartmann, E. Cassan, P. Crozat, S. Olivier, C. Baudot, F. Boeuf, J-M. Fédéli,
      Recent Advances in silicon photonics
      SPIE Photonics West, San Francisco, USA, Fevrier 2016
    6.  

    7. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Recent Advances in strained Silicon photonics
      SPIE Photonics North, Quebec, Canada, May 2016
    8.  

    9. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Recent Advances in strained Silicon photonics
      18th European Conference on Integrated Optics (ECIO 2016)
    10.  

    11. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic, D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Silicon Photonics for Low Power Consumption Communications
      Emerging Technology CMOS, May 2016, Montreal, Canada
    12.  

    13. Daniel Benedikovic, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Pavel Cheben, Jens H. Schmid, Shurui Wang, Boris Lamontagne, Dan-Xia Xu, Siegfried Janz, Jean Lapointe, Robert Halir, Alejandro Ortega-Moñux, Laurent Vivien, Juan-Gonzalo Wangüemert-Pérez, Iñigo Molina-Fernández, Jean-Marc Fédéli, and Milan Dado
      High efficiency fiber-chip surface grating couplers
      18th IEEE Photonics North 2016, Québec city, Québec, Canada, May 2016.
    14.  

    15. L. Virot, P. Crozat, D. Benedikovic, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J-M. Hartmann, B. Szelag, J-M. Fédéli, F. Bœuf, C. Baudot
      Low power consumption receiver on silicon
      18th International Conference on transparent Optical Networks (ICTON 2016)
    16.  

    17. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Recent Advances in strained Silicon photonics
      18th International Conference on transparent Optical Networks (ICTON 2016)
    18.  

    19. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Advances in second-order nonlinear effect in silicon
      OECC, Niigata, July – Japan 2016
    20.  

    21. Daniel Benedikovic, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Pavel Cheben, Jens H. Schmid, Shurui Wang, Boris Lamontagne, Dan-Xia Xu, Siegfried Janz, Jean Lapointe, Robert Halir, Alejandro Ortega-Moñux, Laurent Vivien, Juan-Gonzalo Wangüemert-Pérez, Iñigo Molina-Fernández, Jean-Marc Fédéli, and Milan Dado
      High-efficiency single etch step surface grating couplers engineered by subwavelength structured metamaterials
      7-th International Conference on Metamaterials, Photonic Crystals and Plasmonics (META 2016) 2016, Málaga, Andalucía, Spain, July 2016.
    22.  

    23. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Advances in Pockels effect in silicon
      Sino-German Joint Symposium on Opto- and Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (SODC), September 2016, Changchun , China
    24.  

    25. P. Damas, X. Le−Roux, M Berciano,  G. Marcaud, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Benedikovic D. Marris−Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien
      Second-order nonlinearities in strained silicon photonic structures
      SPIE Photonics West 2017, San Francisco, February 2017
    26.  

    27. L. Virot, P. Crozat, D. Benedikovic, C. Alonso-Ramos, D. Marris-Morini, E. Cassan, L. Vivien, J-M. Hartmann, B. Szelag, J-M. Fédéli, F. Bœuf, C. Baudot, L. Vivien
      Low power consumption receiver on silicon
      Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibition (OFC), March 2017, Los Angeles USA
    28.  

      Communications in international conferences

      1. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Pedro Damas, Mathias Berciano, Valerie Pillard, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Functional oxides on Silicon and Sapphire substrates for photonic applications
        EPIXfab-plat4M summer school, Gent, Belgium, 29th of August 2016 to 2nd of September 2016
      2.  

      3. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Pedro Damas, Valerie Pillard, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Oxides on Silicon and Sapphire substrates for photonic applications
        2016 E-MRS Spring Meeting and Exhibit, Lille, France, May 2 to 6, 2016
      4.  

      5. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Mathias Berciano,Valérie Pillard, Pedro Damas, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Ludovic Largeau, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Functional oxides on Silicon and Sapphire substrates for photonic applications
        TO-BE Spring Meeting 2017, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, 3 to 5th Avril 2017
      6.  

      7. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Mathias Berciano,Valérie Pillard, Pedro Damas, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Ludovic Largeau, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Functional oxides induced strain for silicon photonics applications
        SPIE Optics + Optoelectronics 2017, Prague, Czech Republic, 24 to 27 April 2017
      8.  

      9. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Mathias Berciano,Valérie Pillard, Pedro Damas, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Ludovic Largeau, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Functional oxides on Silicon and Sapphire substrates for photonic applications
        2017 E-MRS Spring Meeting and Exhibit, Strasbourg, France, May 22 to 26, 2017
      10.  

      11. Guillaume Marcaud, Sylvia Matzen, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Xavier Le Roux, Mathias Berciano,Valérie Pillard, Pedro Damas, Thomas Maroutian, Guillaume Agnus, Ludovic Largeau, Eric Cassan, Delphine Marris-Morini, Philippe Lecoeur, Laurent Vivien
        Functional oxides on Silicon and Sapphire substrates for photonic applications
        Photonic north 2017, Ottawa, Canada, 6 to 8 june, 2017
      12.  

      13. Daniel Benedikovic, Carlos Alonso-Ramos, Pavel Cheben, Jens H. Schmid, Shurui Wang, Dan-Xia Xu, Robert Halir, Alejandro Ortega-Moñux, Laurent Vivien, Jean Lapointe, Siegfried Janz, Juan-Gonzalo Wangüemert-Pérez, Iñigo Molina-Fernández, Jean-Marc Fédéli, and Milan Dado
        Highly efficient subwavelength engineered grating couplers for silicon-on-insulator waveguides
        18-th European Conference in Integrated Optics (ECIO 2016) 2016, Warsaw, Poland, May 2016
      14.